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is just, the smell of gunpowder is sweet.
November 11, 1620
IN THE NAME OF GOD, AMEN. We, whose names are underwritten, the Loyal Subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord King James, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, &c. Having undertaken for the Glory of God, and Advancement of the Christian Faith, and the Honour of our King and Country, a Voyage to plant the first Colony in the northern Parts of Virginia Do by these Presents, solemnly and mutually, in the Presence of God and one another, covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil Body of Politick, for our better Ordering and Preservation, and Furtherance of the Ends aforesaid: And by Virtue hereof do enact, constitute, and frame, such just and equal Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions, and Officers, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general Good of the Colony; unto which we promise all due Submission and Obedience,
IN WITNESS whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names at Capecod the eleventh of November, in the Reign of our Sovereign Lord King James of England, France, and Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland, the fifty-fourth. Anno Domini. 1620.
Mayflower Compact Vocabulary: Define amen, sovereign, dread, underwritten, covenant, mutually, voyage, preservation, aforesaid, virtue, constitute, enact, ordinances, submission, witness, subscribed, Anno Domini, Pilgrim
Mayflower Compact Questions:
1. Why do you think the Mayflower Compact begins with the words "IN THE NAME OF GOD, AMEN."?
2. Why is King James referred to as "dread Sovereign"?
3. Why would the Mayflower voyagers consider this colony as an "Advancement of the Christian Faith"?
Geography: Locate on a globe and/or map England, Scotland, Ireland, France, Cape Cod, the Low Countries, Atlantic Ocean, English Channel
Reading: Read biographies on William Bradford, Miles Standish, Elder Brewster, Prisilla & John Alden, Squanto, Captain John Smith, Philip II of Spain, King James of England, William the Silent (or William of Orange)
Learn about how the Low Landers responded in the book By
Pike and Dyke: A Tale of the Rise of the Dutch Republic
which covers the Dutch War of Independence to the assassination
of William the Silent (or William of Orange) by G. A. Henty.
Another closely related title to this timeframe is St.
Bartholomew's Eve: A Tale of the Huguenot Wars by
G. A. Henty.
A book for ALL ages: Of
Plymouth Plantation: Bradford's History of the Plymouth Settlement
Older students --- James I: The Fool as King by Otto Scott, Ross House Books, Vallecito, CA © 1976
For more information about the Pilgrims and the Mayflower, check out Caleb Johnson's web site at Mayflower
George Washington's 1789 Thanksgiving Proclamation
Whereas it is the duty of all nations to acknowledge the providence of Almighty God, to obey His will, to be grateful for His benefits, and humbly to implore His protection and favor; and Whereas both Houses of Congress have, by their joint committee, requested me to "recommend to the people of the United States a day of public thanksgiving and prayer, to be observed by acknowledging with grateful hearts the many and signal favors of Almighty God, especially by affording them an opportunity peaceably to establish a form of government for their safety and happiness:"
Now, therefore, I do recommend and assign Thursday, the 26th day of November next, to be devoted by the people of these States to the service of that great and glorious Being who is the beneficent author of all the good that was, that is, or that will be; that we may then all unite in rendering unto Him our sincere and humble thanks for His kind care and protection of the people of this country previous to their becoming a nation; for the signal and manifold mercies and the favorable interposition's of His providence in the course and conclusion of the late war; for the great degree of tranquility, union, and plenty which we have since enjoyed; for the peaceable and rational manner in which we have been enable to establish constitutions of government for our safety and happiness, and particularly the national one now lately instituted for the civil and religious liberty with which we are blessed, and the means we have of acquiring and diffusing useful knowledge; and, in general, for all the great and various favors which He has been pleased to confer upon us.
And also that we may then unite in most humbly offering our prayers and supplications to the great Lord and Ruler of Nations and beseech Him to pardon our national and other transgressions; to enable us all, whether in public or private stations, to perform our several and relative duties properly and punctually; to render our National Government a blessing to all the people by constantly being a Government of wise, just, and constitutional laws, discreetly and faithfully executed and obeyed; to protect and guide all sovereigns and nations (especially such as have shown kindness to us), and to bless them with good governments, peace, and concord; to promote the knowledge and practice of true religion and virtue, and the increase of science among them and us; and, generally to grant unto all mankind such a degree of temporal prosperity as He alone knows to be best.
Given under my hand, at the city of New York, the 3d day of October, A.D. 1789. ..... G. Washington
Holiday Safe Food Tips from CSPI REPORTS
Timetable For a Thanksgiving Dinner by the electronic Gourmet Guide, Inc.
All about Turkey by Honeysuckle White offers a guide to Turkeys, preparation, and more
The National Turkey Federation Gives recipes and cooking info plus you can now search through more than 500 recipes using their recipe database search engine.
Butterball Recipes Mouthwatering recipes from Butterball
Land O' Lakes Holiday Baking Great recipes at this site. Be sure to check out their holiday check list, butter facts, holiday recipes and more.
Thanksgiving Day Recipes by Crisco
Pillsbury Traditional Thanksgiving Feast Need some new ideas? Check here
Jell-o Interactive Kitchen from Kraft offers many recipes
Thanksgiving with Reader's Digest offers not only recipes, but projects, crafts, and stories
Stuffing Recipes This site boasts 253 recipes
Thanksgiving Turkey, Stuffing, and Gravy Tips This site offers numerous tips and recipes
Thanksgiving Gravy from Reynolds
Ocean Spray Cranberry Get interesting holiday tips here
Harvest at Crystal Creek Cranberry Farm This Web site is loaded with pictures from start to finish of a cranberry harvest. Fascinating!
What is the Difference Between a Sweetpotato and a Yam? Go here and find out
Pie Recipes Tons of pie and pie crust receipes here!
Carving, Table Top, and Manners
Turkey Tips This site includes everything from selecting a turkey to carving a turkey
Carving Turkey How to make the right cut and how to select the knife
Napkin Folding by Your World at Home. The instructions for folding napkins on this site are easy to follow and clear.
Napkin Folding 101 Just click on any of the napkins and learn how to fold that design
Etiquette from Tiffany & Co. How we set the table and the table manners we use are dictated by established rules that are part of our American culture. These rules of etiquette are a guide to help hosts and dinner guests feel relaxed and confident.
American Table Manners The Diner's Digest instructs in the role of manners
Etiquette For Today: Eating Turkey from Good Housekeeping
Fabric Guide Stain Removal Although this is a commercial site, it has some wonderful tips for removing stains
Holiday Survival Guide by Better Homes and Gardens
Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade Join Macy's for this annual classic
Most people know PrestonSpeed Publications brought the classic writings of G.A. Henty back into print. Entire families are once again enjoying Mr. Henty's work in books, audiobooks, and in The Captain. Demand the best by demanding PrestonSpeed Publications. Accept no substitutes!!